chapter3federalismpartII - Federal/StatePowers...

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Federal/State Powers Concurrent  = held jointly (tax, borrow, make and  enforce laws, establish courts, etc.) Prohibited  = national government   taxing exports;  states   entering into treaties with another country Supremacy clause  (Article VI, clause 2, 369) =  Constitution and federal laws superior to all  conflicting state and local laws federal law takes precedence over state law Constitution, congressional laws, national treaties, and  rules/regulations issued by executive are  Supreme Law of the  Land states cannot use reserved or concurrent powers to thwart  national policies
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Select Constitutional Powers National Both State EXPRESSED  coin money  conduct foreign relations  regulate interstate commerce  levy and collect taxes  declare war  raise and support the military  establish post offices  establish courts inferior to the  Supreme Court  admit new states IMPLIED Elastic/Necessary and Proper (Article  1, Section 8, Clause 18) INHERENT Grounded in international law CONCURRENT  levy and collect taxes  borrow money  make and enforce laws  establish courts  provide for the general  welfare  charter banks and  corporations RESERVED  regulate intrastate  commerce  conduct elections  provide for public  health, safety, and morals  establish local  governments  ratify amendments to  the federal constitution  establish a state militia
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Select Powers Denied by the Constitution National Both State  tax articles exported  from any state  violate the Bill of Rights  change state  boundaries  suspend the right of  habeas corpus  make ex post facto laws  subject officeholders to  a religious test  grant titles of  nobility  permit slavery  deny citizens the  right to vote because  of race, color, or  previous servitude  deny citizens the  right to vote because  of gender  tax imports or  exports  coin money  enter into treaties
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