Chapter14 - Chapter14 Foreign& Defense Policy...

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Chapter 14 Defense  Defense  Policy Policy
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What is Foreign Policy?   Nation’s external goals and techniques/ strategies used to achieve them American foreign policy includes  national  security policy , which is policy designed  to protect the independence and the  political and economic integrity of the  United States  
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Tools of Foreign Policy Diplomacy  = process by which states carry  on relations with each other (can also mean  settling conflicts among nations through  peaceful means) Economic aid  = assistance to other nations  through grants, loans or credits to buy the  assisting nation’s products Technical assistance  = sending individuals  with expertise in agriculture, engineering or  business to aid other nations 
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Competing Views of Foreign  Policy  Moral idealism  = views nations as willing to  cooperate and agree on moral standards for  conduct; tied to liberal institutionalism,  international organizations (e.g., UN, WTO) Political realism  = sees each nation acting  principally in its own interest; tied to  realpolitik; emphasis on anarchy at the  international system level; maximizing  power, influence; use of alliances; arms  control US foreign policy consists of both strains  
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Terrorism Nuclear proliferation  (along with  proliferation of other WMD’s) China  – increasing power and influence; 21 st   Century will be China’s Global economy
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2011 for the course POLS 130 taught by Professor Josephsalazar during the Summer '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Chapter14 - Chapter14 Foreign& Defense Policy...

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