FINAL - REL 1004 Final Exam Notes 1PORTRAITS OF EARLY...

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REL 1004 Final Exam Notes 1PORTRAITS OF EARLY PROPHETS 1. The “seer” in 1 Samuel 9 a. clairvoyant: perceives things that are beyond the senses of ordinary people; e.g., the whereabouts of lost items. b. usually paid for his services (vv. 7-8) c. esteemed because his word comes true (v. 6) 2. The anonymous prophets in 1 Samuel 10 a. organized into groups b. connected to sanctuaries (v. 5) c. music involved their “prophesying,” perhaps as a means of inducing ecstasy (v. 5) d. “Prophesying” involves unusual behavior; one is “turned into a different person” (v. 6) e. Unusual behavior understood as the result of spirit possession (v. 6) 3. Nathan in 2 Samuel 7 and 11-12; also 1 Kings 1 a. serves the king, as a kind of court prophet b. advises the king on cultic matters, revealing Jahweh’s view of cultic innovations (7:1-2) c. gives dynastic oracles that legitimate the ruling dynasty by declaring Jahweh’s support (7:11-16) d. bestows a special throne name on a royal heir (12:25) e. plays a role in the enthronement ritual for a new king (1:32-40) 4. Ahijah of Shiloh in 1 Kings 11 and 14 a. gives oracles supporting political revolution b. performs symbolic actions (11:30-31) c. consulted for prognosis in cases of medical illness; usually paid for this service (14:1-3) 5. Elijah in 1 Kings 17-19, 21, and 2 Kings 1-2 a. wears a special mantle, which symbolizes his authority and possesses magical power (1 Kings 19:19; 2 Kings 2:8) b. performs miracles, e.g., -multiplying the food supply for a hospitable widow (1 Kings 17) -reviving the dead (1 Kings 17) -bringing drought or rain (1 Kings 17:1; 18:1) d. intercedes effectively with the deity: Jahweh heeds his prayers (see contest at Mt. Carmel in 1 Kings 18) e. gives oracles which disclose Jahweh’s rejection of the king and his “house” and which thus sanction the overthrow of the government (see story of Naboth’s vineyard in 1 Kings 21) April 13, 2010 6. Elisha in 2 Kings 2-9 and 13:14-21 a. Leader of groups called “the sons of the prophets” (chs. 2, 4, 6) b. His prophesying involves spirit possession which results in oracles. Music is used to induce spirit possession (3:15-20)
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c. A consultant in military matters -he reveals whether the deity supports a military campaign (3) -he discloses the location of enemy ambushes (6:8-10) d. performs miracles, e.g., -purifying a city’s water source (2) -increasing the oil supply of a household (4) -reviving the dead (4) -purifying poisonous food (4) -increasing food to feed a crowd (4) -recovering a lost ax-head (6) e. an adviser in cases of medical illness, e.g., -he can suggest a cure (5) -he can give a prognosis (8:7-15) For this service, he is normally compensated (see 5:15 and 8:8-9) f. a role in political revolution. His oracles give divine sanction for the overthrow of the government (9) g. performs symbolic actions that magically affect the course of future events (13:14-19) AMOS A. The book of Amos 1. Stages in the book’s growth: a.individual oral speeches of Amos b. speeches written down, collected and edited c.final form: Amos 1-9 B. Biographical information about Amos (1:1, 7:10-17) 1. From Tekoa in Judah a.“southerner” 2.
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