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Dressel 1Cate DresselMrs. BenignoBiology: Green12 February 2018Stem Cell Opinion PaperRight now, scientists are using stem cells to help patients who are suffering from conditions such as heart disease, sickle cell anemia, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, and many more. Dr. Jean Badoosy is a scientist who works at Wayne State University’s School of Medicine and is currently focused on researching and learning how stem cells can be used to help paralyzed people walk and function normally someday. Iqbal Ahmad from University of Nebraska Medical Center is currently working on using stem cells to help restore blind people’s sight. Similar to Ahmad, researchers are using stem cells to replace damaged cells all throughoutnot only the human body but also animal’s bodies.Induced pluripotent stem cells best knowns as iP stem cells are very alike to adult and embryonic stem cells, but they have more advantages to them. Unlike adult and embryonic stem cells, iP stem cells can be made by any starting cell, meaning they are easy to acquire. Because of Shinya Yamanaka’s discovery, researchers for the first time have a tool that can allow them to make new stem cells from people with a rare genetic disease. This is huge for scientists because it gives them a way to learn what makes different types of cells die. Professionals exposed small patches of the diseased cells to different medicines, which allowed them to test precisely thousands of drugs to find out which ones work the best. Professionals in the future hope iP stemcells will replace adult stem cells and the areas of cells of tissues that are damaged or dying. Doctors also are hoping that in the near future they would be able to treat their patients with stemcells created from their own tissues, which would perfectly match the others genetically. If that would happen, the immune system would not harm the new cells.