studyguide2part2 - Rate in which different elements evolve...

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Environmental setting where archaeological trace is found Stratigraphy Look at layers of sediment Core Original piece of stone worked on Blank Long, flat, narrow flake with parallel sides (length is 2x the width Middle Paleolithic and upper Paleolithic has more advanced Flake A sliver of stone removed from a core Chopper Lower Paleolithic tool with a sharp cutting edge Bifacial Hand Axe Hand axe that was sharp on both sides “Swiss Army Knife of prehistory Culture 8 requirements: innovation, dissemination, standardization, durability, diffusion, tradition, non-subsistence, naturalness Half-life Law of Superposition Pressure Flaking Secondary retouching technique to flatten flakes Mosaic Evolution
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Unformatted text preview: Rate in which different elements evolve at a different time Adaptive Radiation Rapid increase and spread of an evolving group of organisms that spread into and adapt to new niches Lithic Stone tool Olduvai Gorge Site in Tanzania in which the first stone tools appear from 2.3mya Olduwan Tool Industry Characteristiced by core tools Creation of bifacial choopers Associated with homo habilis Acheulean Tool Industry Associated with homo erectus Australopithecines Eastern Africa homininds now extinct anamensis, afarensis, africanus Habitual Bipedalism Continued walking on two feet Obligate Bipedalism No other option than bipedalism...
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studyguide2part2 - Rate in which different elements evolve...

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