Studyguidepart1 - since the beginning of time Heliocentrism • The earth moves around the sun o Discovered during Scientific Revolution Humans

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Biological Anthropology Study Guide Anthropology the study of all humans over all of time anthropos-man ology-the study of considered a natural or social science Four Subfields Cultural Anthropology Biological Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology Archaeology Ethnology analyzes the origins, distribution, technology, religion, language, and social structure Culture Learned, shared, patterned behaviors of a group Applied Anthropology method and theory in anthropology to the analysis and solution of practical problems Bipedalism Walking on two feet Allows use of hands, can see farther Humans are good at it due to change in pelvic structure Quadrupedalism Walking on all four legs Brachiation
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Swinging from one tree to the next using arms Paleoanthropology The study of ancient species Habituation Waiting to let the animals come to you Uniformitarianism Idea that the same natural laws that operate in the universe today have been occurring
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Unformatted text preview: since the beginning of time Heliocentrism • The earth moves around the sun o Discovered during Scientific Revolution Humans began to think of their origin Fixity of Species • Idea that once created, a species will never change o Strong opposition to biological anthropology evolution Grand Design • Great Chain of Being • Hierarchical structure of organisms created by “God” Darwin • Voyage on USM Beagle lead to discovery of many species • Book Origin of Species 1859 • Theory of evolution natural selection Lamarck • French botanist known for work on invertebrates • Known for “inheritance of acquired characteristics” Mendel • Known for work on pea plants and evolution • Showed that evolution required certain laws which then allowed for acquired traits to appear Linnaeus • Father of modern taxonomy • Founder of binomial nomenclature...
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO 200 taught by Professor V during the Fall '10 term at Saint Louis.

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Studyguidepart1 - since the beginning of time Heliocentrism • The earth moves around the sun o Discovered during Scientific Revolution Humans

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