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Unformatted text preview: since the beginning of time Heliocentrism • The earth moves around the sun o Discovered during Scientific Revolution Humans began to think of their origin Fixity of Species • Idea that once created, a species will never change o Strong opposition to biological anthropology evolution Grand Design • Great Chain of Being • Hierarchical structure of organisms created by “God” Darwin • Voyage on USM Beagle lead to discovery of many species • Book Origin of Species 1859 • Theory of evolution natural selection Lamarck • French botanist known for work on invertebrates • Known for “inheritance of acquired characteristics” Mendel • Known for work on pea plants and evolution • Showed that evolution required certain laws which then allowed for acquired traits to appear Linnaeus • Father of modern taxonomy • Founder of binomial nomenclature...
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