10 - 1500s Portuguese trade rest of Europe by 1600s coastal...

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1500s Portuguese trade rest of Europe by 1600s coastal cities trade in gold, ivory, slaves Timbuktu Slavery As early as 1530;by 1700s there are 50,000 slaves yearly Approximately 11 million in total Took strong, young males, leaving a weakened population behind European Settlement Began in Southern Africa o Dutch at Cape Town 1652 o Boers o Afrikaans British Settle in 1820 Banned slavery in 1834 Boers move north and east Exploration Growing International Interest-1850 o Royal geographical society
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o Search for Source of the Nile Resources People to convert o David Livingstone o Mary Kingsley o Henry Stanley o Richard Burton o Speke Scramble for Africa Desire for resources Berlin conference-called by Bismarck o Carved up Africa o 13 countries (non-African): British, French, Belgium, Portuguese, German,  Italian, Spanish Borders drawn with no regard for existing cultural boundaries/split groups and 
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10 - 1500s Portuguese trade rest of Europe by 1600s coastal...

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