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Unformatted text preview: major resource pinyon=nut that grows on trees (looks like sunflower seeds) very well adapted to environment went longer without interruption area has 2 major deserts-mobavi (south) and the great basin (north) Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains create a rainshadow effect Have a lot of fish/basic subsistence ability Prehistory Paleoindian 10-8,000 BC Some lakes dried up-they still adapted Known as the desert archaic Two choices-find a way to adapt, or move Some marshlands Plants and animals eventually returned Late archaic-1500-contact Returned to warmer, dryer conditions Environment flip flops Invented the bow and arrow-increased efficiency a great deal Late Farmer Period-AD 315 First contacted in early 17 th century-indians went into contact to steal horses 1776-John Fremont-then followed by Mormons in 1840s 1860s-up for grabs-ranchers 39 Formal Treaties between US and Great Basin peoples in 60 years-govt failed to uphold 1890s-allotment policy 1905-us govt built derby dam-reduced water level in the lakes...
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- Spring '11