09Sept15-16_discussion_paper

Counter-Terrorism Law and Practice: An International Handbook

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WORKSHOP ON IMPLEMENTING THE UN GLOBAL COUNTER-TERRORISM STRATEGY IN NORTH AFRICA 15-16 SEPTEMBER 2009 MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS THE HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS DISCUSSION PAPER Overview This paper provides background for the first of two meetings the Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation will be convening as part of a project on “Implementing the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in North Africa.” This first meeting in The Hague will include representatives from the United Nations and relevant regional and subregional organizations as well as researchers and other nongovernmental experts from Africa and Europe. The second, larger meeting, which will also include representatives from the governments in the region, will be convened in North Africa in early 2010. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the issues relevant to the implementation of the UN Strategy in North Africa. For the purposes of the project, North Africa is defined as including Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. However, as will be discussed in greater detail below and in the final report, the nature of the threat and the measures needed to combat it encompass a wider geographic area, which includes countries in the Sahel-Saharan band such as Mali, Mauritania, and Niger and thus intersects with the Center’s ongoing project related to enhancing counterterrorism capacities and cooperation within West Africa. The paper discusses the terrorist threats and vulnerabilities in North Africa as well as national, regional, and international efforts to address them. In doing so, it highlights the difficulties in developing meaningful counterterrorism cooperation among regional stakeholders and some of the reasons there has been limited progress on this front despite the increasingly transnational nature of the threats confronting states in North Africa. The paper looks at the counterterrorism contributions of regional and subregional bodies including the African Union and League of Arab States (LAS) and the role they can play in furthering implementation of the UN Strategy and stimulating enhanced cooperation among North African stakeholders. It further assesses the cooperation between countries in the subregion and external actors such as the European Union and the United States before concluding with a discussion of the role that the United Nations can play in promoting implementation of the Strategy and improving cooperation in the subregion. In addition to allowing for an initial discussion of issues surrounding implementation of the Strategy, the first workshop will seek to build support for the larger, follow-on workshop in North Africa. The participants will be asked to discuss the UN Strategy in a subregional context, considering the potential opportunities it offers for, among other things, enhancing counterterrorism cooperation and capacity building in the subregion and its overall preparedness to combat terrorism, as well as for stimulating more coherent and effective engagement by the United Nations in the subregion on issues
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09Sept15-16_discussion_paper - WORKSHOP ON IMPLEMENTING THE...

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