روزاند نق&Osla

Counter-Terrorism Law and Practice: An International Handbook

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11 :3 (2006), 399–427 ............................................................................................................................................... 11 :3 © The Author [2007]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org doi:10.1093/jcsl/krl026 Advance Access published on 25 January 2007 ................................................................................................................ The UN-Led Multilateral Institutional Response to Jihadist Terrorism: Is a Global Counterterrorism Body Needed? Eric Rosand* Abstract This article first briefly outlines the current terrorist threat posed by militant Islamist radical terrorism and the complexity and evolving nature of threat. It highlights the lack of consensus in academic and policy communities regarding the underlying causes of this terrorism. It them posits that the overarching chal- lenge in the next few years will be to maintain the broad-based international co- operation in the fight against terrorism that has existed since 11 September 2001, which is essential to address the threat effectively. Elements of this chal- lenge include dispelling the notion that the US-led counterterrorism effort is tar- geting Islam and keeping the global South engaged. Durable, effective and flexible mechanisms are needed at the global, regional and national levels to ensure that multifaceted, holistic strategies are developed and implemented to address these issues. The article then outlines the current capacity of multilat- eral institutions to contribute to the fight against terrorism. The performance of the main UN counterterrorism bodies – led by the Security Council’s different counterterrorism entities – as well as some of the key regional and functional ones, this article concludes, has been uneven. Different organisations have developed counterterrorism programs and units, but these have emerged from political reactions rather than strategic decisions with corresponding achievable technical objectives. The duplication of efforts, overlapping mandates and lack of co-ordination at the international, regional and sub-regional levels have limited the different bodies’ overall contribution to the global non-military counterterrorism *Eric Rosand is a Senior Fellow at the Center on Global Counter-Terrorism Cooperation in New York, NY. E-mail: erosand@globalct.com. He previously served in the Office of the Counterter- rorism Coordinator at the US Department of State and as the Deputy Legal Counselor at the US Mis- sion to the UN in New York. This article draws and builds upon a monograph on the role of multilateral institutions in the fight against terrorism, Eric Rosand & Alistair Millar, Allied Against Ter- rorism: What’s Needed to Strengthen Worldwide Commitment (2006).
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400 JCSL effort and have left many of the world’s vulnerabilities to terrorism unaddressed. This article concludes that maintaining international co-operation and the focus
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روزاند نق&Osla

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