beh225_week7_reading1 - O VERVIEW Perspectives on...

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Psychologica l Disorders O 13 Psychological Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Historical Views of Psychological Disorders Theories of the Nature, Causes, and Treatment of Psychological Disorders Classifying Psychological Disorders The Prevalence of Psychological Disorders Mental Illness and the Law Mood Disorders Depression Mania and Bipolar Disorder Causes of Mood Disorders Suicide Anxiety Disorders Specific Phobias Panic Disorder Other Anxiety Disorders Causes of Anxiety Disorders Psychosomatic and Somatoform Disorders Psychosomatic Disorders Somatoform Disorders Causes of Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Dissociative Amnesia Dissociative Identity Disorder Depersonalization Disorder Causes of Dissociative Disorders Sexual Disorders Sexual Dysfunction Paraphilias Gender-Identity Disorders Personality Disorders Types of Personality Disorders Causes of Antisocial Personality Disorder Schizophrenic Disorders Types of Schizophrenic Disorders Causes of Schizophrenia Childhood Disorders Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) Autistic Disorder Gender and Cultural Differences in Psychological Disorders Gender Differences Cultural Differences VE RVIEW
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485 W hen does behavior become abnormal? The answer to this question is more compli- cated than it may seem. There is no doubt that the man on the street corner claim- ing to be Jesus Christ or the woman insisting that aliens from outer space are trying to kill her is behaving abnormally. But what about the following people: • A male college student is popular with women and enjoys partying. His grades have always been fairly good, but recently he is having difficulty con- centrating on anything but having a good time. • A 10-year-old child has a mild developmental delay in fine-motor coordina- tion that makes his handwriting immature compared to his classmates. Although his reading, calculating, and reasoning abilities are all normal or advanced, his handwriting makes him feel so self-conscious that he stops try- ing to get good grades and withdraws socially from other children. • A highly successful female lawyer is unmarried and, although she has many relationships with men, is unwilling to make a commitment. She feels driven to become a partner in her firm before the age of 28 (she is 27 now). Recently, she has occasionally found herself drinking to excess. Unlike physical diseases, the presence or absence of mental illness cannot be determined objectively. Diagnosing an emotional disorder is a judgment call, and judgments can differ. Which, if any, of these three people do you think is experienc- ing a psychological disorder? What criteria did you use in reaching your decision? Perspectives on Psychological Disorders What causes psychological disorders?
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beh225_week7_reading1 - O VERVIEW Perspectives on...

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