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Running Head: Test Essays 1 Test Essays Lane Barnes Sociology 101 2/17/2011
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2 There are three major paradigms in sociology that view the United States and Mexico border all differently. The first of which is structural function. Functionalists focus on how the “parts” of society contribute in expected and unexpected ways to social order and stability and to social disorder and instability. So when a functionalists looks at the United States and Mexico border they would ask themselves, why do fences exist on the U.S.-Mexico border? What are the anticipated and unanticipated problems? To get these answers functionalists use the concepts of manifest and latent functions and dysfunctions. Manifest functions are the anticipated effects on social order and stability. To identify the manifest functions of the border, they would first need to know why it was being built in the first place. In 2006 is when they passed the act to allow more fences to be put up, to help control the illegal immigrants. But it was the mid-1990s when the idea for barriers was thought of because they thought the United States was being overrun by illegal immigrants. On top of that the overall crime rate along the border was 30 percent higher than the national average. San Diego accounted for more than 40 percent of the 1.3 million illegal immigrants that were caught along the Southwest border. Some of the manifest functions associated with the construction of the fences would be: a decrease in the number of illegal immigrants caught in the fenced area of the border, a success in forcing immigrants away from urban areas and making it harder to get across, as now they would have to face mountains, hills, and climate conditions to get across, and an overall drop in crime rate to only 12 percent higher than national average. Latent functions are the unanticipated effects on social order and stability. An example of that would be having a problem between the Mexican and U.S. officials. The next thing they would look at would be the manifest dysfunctions, which are the anticipated disruptions of social order and stability. A good example of this would be an increase of illegal
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3 immigrants coming across the border in places that aren’t as patrolled or without a fence. Then the last thing they look at would be the latent dysfunctions which are the unanticipated
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2011 for the course COMM 101 taught by Professor Simmons during the Spring '11 term at KCTCS.

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Test Essays - Running Head: Test Essays 1 Test Essays Lane...

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