revised org chem - CHEM1101 CHEMISTRY(EEE/COE LECTURE 7...

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CHEM1101: CHEMISTRY (EEE/COE) LECTURE 7 INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY The branch of chemistry that deals with carbon containing compounds is known as Organic Chemistry. Carbon containing compounds are organic compounds. For examples: C 2 H 5 OH, C 6 H 6 , C 6 H 12 O 6 , C 12 H 22 O 11 , C 13 H 35 COO - Na + and so on. Few exceptions: CO, CO 2 , CS 2 , Na 2 CO 3 , NaHCO 3 and KCN etc. Sources of Organic Compounds Coal (It is about 80% organic compounds), Crude oil (It is a complex mixture of organic compounds), Natural gas (It is a mixture of low molecular weight organic compounds), Wood and other plant materials , Laboratory synthetic product and so on. The number of organic compounds is very large, because (1) Carbon has the ability to form strong covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form chains and rings of varying sizes. This property of carbon is called catenation . (2) Carbon has the ability to form single, double and triple bonds. (3) Carbon has the ability to form strong covalent bonds with many other atoms such as H, O, N, S, Cl, Br and I. Importance of Organic Chemistry Organic chemistry is important because it is the chemistry associated with all living matter in both plants and animals. (a) As foods: Carbohydrate, fats and oils, proteins, vitamins, hormones, enzymes
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2011 for the course EEE 30 taught by Professor Dr.sohrabuddin during the Spring '11 term at American Intl. University.

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revised org chem - CHEM1101 CHEMISTRY(EEE/COE LECTURE 7...

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