CHEM1101: CHEMISTRY (EEE/COE)
INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
The branch of chemistry that deals with carbon containing compounds is known as Organic
Chemistry. Carbon containing compounds are organic compounds.
For examples: C
and so on. Few exceptions: CO, CO
and KCN etc.
Sources of Organic Compounds
(It is about 80% organic compounds),
(It is a complex mixture of organic
(It is a mixture of low molecular weight organic compounds),
Wood and other plant materials
Laboratory synthetic product
and so on.
The number of organic compounds is very large, because
(1) Carbon has the ability to form strong covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form
chains and rings of varying sizes. This property of carbon is called
(2) Carbon has the ability to form single, double and triple bonds.
(3) Carbon has the ability to form strong covalent bonds with many other atoms such as
H, O, N, S, Cl, Br and I.
Importance of Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry is important because it is the chemistry associated with all living matter in
both plants and animals.
(a) As foods: Carbohydrate, fats and oils, proteins, vitamins, hormones, enzymes