ethics final - Chapter 6 1 Employment at will eider side is...

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Chapter 6 1. Employment at will- eider side is free to terminate it at any time without advance notice or reason. You can quit or employer can fire you. 2. The Civil Rights acct of 1964- prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, creed, nationally, sex or age. 3. Why efficiency doesn’t require sacrificing employees civil liberties and rights? Companies that respect employee rights and ensure a fair workplace tend to outperform other companies. 4. Bona fide occupational qualifications (BFOQs)? Are job specifications to which the civil rights law does not apply. Ex. Blind person for pilot position or man for hooters. 5. The holdings of the Supreme Court in Griggs v. Duke Power Company – The Griggs decision makes it clear that if an employment practice such as testing has an adverse impact (or unequal effect) on minority groups, the the burden of proof is on the employer to show the job-relatedness or business necessity of the test or other procedure. 6. The concept of “idols of the mind” as expressed by English philosopher Francis Bacon- “The human understanding is like a false mirror, which receiving rays irregularly, distorts and discolors the nature of things by mingling its own nature with it.” None of us see things objectively. 7. In regard to discipline and discharge of employees, what is “just cause”? just cause requires that reasons for discipline or discharge deal directly with job performance. 8. In regard to discipline and discharge of employees, what is due process? Refers to the fairness of the procedures an organization uses to impose sanctions on employees. 9. Adam Smith’s statement on the power of employers over their workers. – Upon all ordinary occasions, employers have the advantage in the disputes, and force the other into a compliance with their terms. Before unions, employers have the power, unequal bargaining power 10. Positive aspects of unions – Certainly no one can object to unionism’s initial and overriding impulse: to portect workers from abuse and give them a voice in matters that affect their lives. Indeed those two goals reflect two lofty moral ideals: noninjury and autonomy. Ironically, it is out of respect for these that some
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criticize modern unions. Taking the union’s viewpoint reveals competing ideals and other consequences that must be considered. First, there is organized labor’s ideal of solidarity. 11. Criticism of unions – The critics argue that union shops infringe on the autonomy and right of associations of individual workers. Critics say that there is coercion in union shops, following people to join. 12. What is a sympathetic strike? A sympathetic strike occurs when workers who have no particular grievance of their own and who may or may have the same employer decide to strike in support of others. Chapter 7
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2011 for the course PHIL 3314 taught by Professor Mitchell during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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ethics final - Chapter 6 1 Employment at will eider side is...

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