FDNS 3000 EXAM 1 - E xam 1 Form B FDNS 3000 Name_ Last 4 ID...

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Exam 1 Form B FDNS 3000 Name_________________________________ Last 4 ID number _________________ 1. What is the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for carbohydrates, as a percentage of total energy? a. 40%-60% b. 45%-60% c. 45%- 65% d. 50%-65% 2. Women who develop gestational diabetes are at increased risk for developing _____. a. Gallbladder disorders b. Kidney stones c. Type 1 diabetes d. Type 2 diabetes 3. GI motility and the release of GI secretions are carefully regulated by: a. neural and hormonal signals. b.cardiovascular circulation. c. dietary signals. d.lymphatic circulation. 4. What controls the movement of food from the stomach into the duodenum? a. gastroesophageal sphincter b. pyloric sphincter c. ileocecal valve d. sphincter of Oddi 5. Why do high-Glycemic Index foods lead to increased fat synthesis? a. High- GI foods cause an immediate rise in blood glucose that is in excess of what is normally needed. b. High-GI foods have a higher fat content than low-GI foods. c. High-GI foods cannot be digested efficiently, causing absorption of nutrients that can not be utilized for energy. d. High-GI foods have a high complex carbohydrate content, and this type of carbohydrate causes obesity. 6. How does insulin help to decrease blood glucose levels? a. Insulin takes up glucose from blood. b. Insulin degrades glucose in the blood. c. Insulin moves glucose transporters to cell walls.
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d. Insulin increases urinary excretion of glucose from blood. 7. What are consequences of uncontrolled high blood glucose? a. Increased risk of wound infections b. Atherosclerosis c. Ketoacidosis d. Heart disease e. All of above 8. You go to your physician complaining of “indigestion” and a burning sensation in your mid-chest. You probably will be diagnosed with: a. GIP. b. GERD . c. GES. d. GAS. 9. You have just eaten a deluxe burger. What hormone is released when your food enters your stomach? a. CCK b.Secretin c. Gastrin d. Insulin 10. What is the physiological aspect of eating in which the body will signal it needs energy/nutrients? a. Boredom b. Hunger c. Appetite d. Growth spurts 11. Which of the following increase satiation due to longer digestion times? a. Carbohydrate b. Fat c. Vitamin C d. Protein e. B and D f. All of the above 12. What is the primary source of energy for the brain and central nervous system? a. Glucose
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b. Ketones c. Free fatty acids d. Glutamine 13. Why are the DRIs not used on the food label? a. The DRIs are age and gender specific and food labels are not.
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FDNS 3000 EXAM 1 - E xam 1 Form B FDNS 3000 Name_ Last 4 ID...

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