BCH1048 Tutorial 1 (revised)

BCH1048 Tutorial 1 (revised) - Vocabularies & main...

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Unformatted text preview: Vocabularies & main concepts DNA DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) (Deoxyribonucleic acid) ( ( 脱氧核糖核酸 脱氧核糖核酸 ) ) DNA structure DNA structure 氢 碳 氮 氧 磷 DNA structure DNA structure • DNA is not a single molecule, but rather a pair of molecules joined by hydrogen bond ( 氢键 ) and they usually exist in the form of double helix double helix ( 双螺旋 ). Double helix DNA strand ( 绳 ) ( 双螺旋 ) DNA structure DNA structure • Each strand is a chain of chemical "building blocks", called nucleotide nucleotide ( 核苷酸 ) • DNA is a polynucleotide polynucleotide (i.e., polymer ( 聚合物 ) of nucleotides) nucleotide a DNA strand DNA structure DNA structure • DNA has four kinds of nitrogenous bases: A, T, C and G ( 嘧啶 ) ( 嘌呤 ) 胸腺碱 胞核嘧啶 腺嘌呤 鸟嘌呤 AT = 2 hydrogen bonds GC = 3 hydrogen bonds Complementary base pairing ( 互补碱基配对 ): DNA structure DNA structure DNA replication ( DNA replication ( 复制 复制 ) )...
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2011 for the course BCH 1048 taught by Professor Prof.cheng during the Fall '08 term at City University of Hong Kong.

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BCH1048 Tutorial 1 (revised) - Vocabularies & main...

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