New Economic Policy and Peasantry

New Economic Policy and Peasantry - In 1925 the sown area...

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New Economic Policy and Peasantry In 1927 about 25 million farms, held through communal arrangements , composed 98.3 percent of all agricultural units, while state and collective farms included only a tiny minority of peasants and lands. Some 350,000 peasant communes with their village assemblies, not local soviets, dominated rural life. More than 90 percent of the peasantry belonged to to mirs and had reverted to traditional strip farming and periodic land redistribution. Millions of households still used wooden plows, and half the 1928 grain harvest was reaped by scythe and sickle!
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Unformatted text preview: In 1925 the sown area was about that of 1913, but the grain harvest was some 10 percent smaller. Whereas Stalin claimed that only half as mach was marketed in 1927 as in 1913, recent studies report that marketings in 1927 almost equaled the 1909-1913 average. Urban demand for grain was rising while peasants, discouraged by low prices, ate better and sold less. Grain exports, which reached 12 million tons in 1913, were only 300,000 tons in 1927-1928....
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course USEM 1580 taught by Professor Urbanovich during the Fall '09 term at UVA.

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