Peter the Great

Peter the Great - government at the bottom and worked his...

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Peter’s achievements: reorganized the army and created navy, built ports, expanded manufacturing and mining operations, modified the Cyrillic alphabet, introduced Roman numerals, mandated compulsory education for gentry children, oversaw the publication of Russia’s first newspaper, and imported European teachers and technicians to advance Russian education and science, established a Senate to handle state financial, legal and administrative matters, government ministries (collegia) were created to administer commerce, income, war, manufacturing, and other activities. Peter also reformed the traditional system of service to the state by introducing the Table of Ranks (the chin ) under which a member of the gentry entered service in the military or the
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Unformatted text preview: government at the bottom and worked his way up through a series of levels, instead of receiving a certain rank based on family influence. Nongentry Russians who entered service were made members of the gentry class for life if they reached certain rank. In The Great Northern War, waged against Sweden from 1700 until 1721, Russia acquired territories bordering the Gulf of Finland, including St. Petersburg, as well as Estonia and Latvia. The capital was moved from Moscow to St. Petersburg in 1712. In 1721 Peter decreed that the head of church would be a layman, thus infuriating clergy who felt deprived of control over religious affairs. Peter died February 8, 1725, without designating a successor....
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course USEM 1580 taught by Professor Urbanovich during the Fall '09 term at UVA.

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