ArchitecturePart2 - The Age of Pilgrimages: Romanesque...

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The Age of Pilgrimages: Romanesque Architecture th - th 11 12 c. omanesque kes its name from the Roman e barrel and Romanesque takes its name from the Roman-like barrel and groin vaults based on round arches employed in many European churches. Romanesque vaults are made of stone, not concrete.
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Europe About 1100 Santiago de Compostela (Saint James of Compostela) One of the chief shrines of Christendom. There in the early 9th c. the supposed tomb of the apostle St. James the Greater was reputedly discovered by a miracle.
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Plan, St. Sernin.
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Interior view of nave, St. Sernin. c. 1080–1120.
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Sainte-Foy abbey church, Conques, France, 1120
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Sainte-Foy abbey church, Conques, France, 1120
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Sainte-Foy abbey church, Conques, France, 1120
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St. Foy. Reliquary Statue. Front and side views. 10 th c. Gold, Silver, Wood, Precious & Semi-precious Stones. Height: 85 cm. Conques Abbey Treasury. France
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Gothic Architecture 12-15 th c.
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Characteristics of Gothic Architecture • Elegant tall buildings Notre-Dame (looking north), Paris, France, begun 1163; nave and flying buttresses, ca. 1180–1200; remodeled • Light penetrated through stained glass windows b esses, c . 80 00; e ode ed after 1225. • Ribbed Groin Vaults • Pointed Arch lying buttresses • Flying buttresses
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Flying buttresses, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Chartres.
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Advantages of rib vaults with pointed arches : • All crowns are at the same level. • Channel the weight more directly downward, thus require less buttressing and permit opening up walls and placing rge windows beneath the arch large windows beneath the arch • Lead the eye upward thus make the vault appear taller. Pointed arch. Diagram ( a ) and drawings of rib vaults with semicircular ( b ) and pointed ( c) arches.
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West facade, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1145-1155.
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Aerial view of Chartres Cathedral (from the th t) Ch t 14 northwest), Chartres, France, begun 1145; rebuilt after 1155.
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Plan of Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, 15 France, as rebuilt after 1194.
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Interior of Chartres Cathedral 16 (view facing east), Chartres, France, begun 1194.
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Royal Portal, west facade, Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, France, ca. 1145–1155.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course ART 101 taught by Professor Drexler,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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ArchitecturePart2 - The Age of Pilgrimages: Romanesque...

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