chapter5 - Chapter Five Principles of Design Composition...

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Chapter Five Principles of Design Composition: The organization of lines, shapes, colors, and other art elements in a work of art. More often applied to two- dimensional art; the broader term is design.
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Chapter Five Principles of Design ± Unity and Variety ± Balance (Symmetrical, Asymmetrical) ± Emphasis and Subordination ± Scale and Proportion ± Rhythm
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Unity : The sense of oneness, of things belonging together and making up a coherent whole . Variety : Differences that provide interest and contrast.
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Mary Evans, Baltimore Album Quilt . 1847-53. Appliqué, 8X7’
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Unity and Variety Ben Jones , Black Face and Arm Unit , 1971. Painted plaster, twelve life-size plaster casts.
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Unity and Variety Henry Matisse. Memory of Oceania . 1953. Gouache on paper, cut and pasted, and charcoal on white paper, 9'4"X9'4"
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Charles Demuth, I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold . 1928. Oil on cardboard. 35X30 . Metropolitan Mus. NY The Great Figure Among the rain and light I saw the figure 5 in gold on a red firetruck moving tense unheeded to gong clangs siren howls and wheels rumbling through the dark city. Poem by William Carlos Williams
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Jackson Pollock. Shimmering Substance (Sounds in the Grass Series). 1946. Oil on Canvas, 30X24" Unity and Variety
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Photo of Jackson Pollock (1912-56) painting.
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JACKSON POLLOCK, Number 1 , 1950 (Lavender Mist), 1950. Oil, enamel, and aluminum paint on canvas, 7’ 3” x 9’ 10”. National Gallery of Art, Washington
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Abstract Expressionism : A movement in American painting that flourished in the 1940s and 1950s, sometimes referred to as the New York School. The works emphasized freedom of emotional expression, technique, and execution; they displayed a single unified, undifferentiated field in unstructured space; and the canvases were large, to enhance the visual effect and project monumentality and power.
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Balance Visual Weight: The apparent “heaviness” or “lightness” of the forms arranged in a composition, as gauged by how insistently they draw the viewer's eye. When visual weight is equally distributed to either side of a felt or implied center of gravity, we feel that the composition is balanced. Isamu Noguchi. Red Cube . 1968. Steel painted red.
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Balance Symmetrical Balance : A design in which the two halves of a composition on either side of an imaginary central vertical axis correspond to one another in size, shape and placement.
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Balance: Symmetrical Balance Leonardo da Vinci. Virtuvian Man. 1485- 90. Pen and ink. 13X9”
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André Le Nôtre (Under Louis XIV) Versailles Gardens. 1661-1710, France. Symmetrical Balance
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Reflecting Pool and the Washington Monument . Washington D.C.
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, Builder of 2nd pyramid, from Gizeh, Egypt, Dynasty IV, ca. 2520–2494 BCE. Diorite, approx. 5’ 6” high.
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chapter5 - Chapter Five Principles of Design Composition...

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