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InterpersonalCommunicationan - Interpersonal Communication...

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Unformatted text preview: Interpersonal Communication and Perception 3 Stages of Perception 1) Selecting: Choosing What we Perceive 2 ) O r g a n iz in g : O r d er in g w h a t w e p er ceiv e 3) Interpreting: Making meaning of what we p er ceiv e Influences on Selection Selective Perception: Underlying Cultural Values, Attitudes, Perceptions and Beliefs Selective Attention: Focusing on Overt Stimuli Selective Exposure: Selective Reinforcement Halo Effect Selective Recall: Choosing what to forget or remember Horn Effect Influences on Organizing Superimposing: Creating a Familiar Pattern Attribution Theory: Chronological; Cause and Effect Standpoint Theory Punctuation: Organizing and Categorizing Race, Gender, Sexual Orientation Closure: Making the Unknown Known Making associations with familiar expectations The Process of Interpretation Cognition Socialization Reflected Appraisal R ein fo r cem en t Underlying Social Values Individualism vs. Collectivism Materialism vs. Immaterialism Physicality vs. Abstraction Duality vs. Singularity Linearity vs. Holisticness Quantitative vs. Qualitative Masculinity vs. Femininity Obstacles to Accurate Perception Ignoring the Facts Over-generalizing Oversimplifying Stereotyping Imposing Consistency Focusing on the Negative ...
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