ISS 325 Final review - ISS 325 Final Review War: State of...

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ISS 325 Final Review War: State of open/declared armed hostile conflict between states/nations. 2 judgments of war: 1) why it started? 2) How is the war being fought? Bestial: Resembling a beast, marked by base or inhuman instincts. Savage: not domesticated or under human control, lacking the restraints normal to civilized human beings. Cultural adaptation: culture responds to its environment Cultural functionalism/adaptation: Majority of human customs, these customs can easily be discarded. Cultural persistence: customs that don’t successfully adapt us, but we still practice them Cultural Crystallization: culture is set and extremely hard to change just one thing. Modern Warfare: went from Large-scale war between huge armies to low-scale, Because of U.N. interventions, end of colonialism, and end of Cold War. I.) 3 systems of gov. before modern age World Imperial system: Empires, 1 gov. controls most of the world. (Roman, British Empires) Feudal system: human loyalties and political obligations are not fixed by territorial boundaries. (You’re loyal to your lord, but he’s loyal to someone else.) Anarchic States: states on their own, no higher government. (Athens, Sparta) Peace Treaty of Westphalia 1648: started the first diplomatic congress and resulted in concept of state sovereignty. Sovereignty: The right of the state to exercise the functions of the state within its territory without the consideration of other nations. Nationalism: state of mind that your supreme loyalty is to the nation state. Permeable States: penetrated by 1) military 2) economy 3) communications 4) ideology Humanitarian Intervention: against a state that had abused its sovereignty through genocide, slavery or torture. (Good but is open to abuse by powerful nations)
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II.) Prime determinants of state behavior: 1) Hegemony 2) security 3) autonomy 4) Legitimacy 5) revenue Hegemony: establish the supremacy of the government’s laws and its authority of its authority over its territory or civil society. Security: enforce internal security and provide external defense. Autonomy: Sovereignty; independence is the fundamental norm of true statehood. Legitimacy: voluntary compliance with authority is needed to accumulate power and effectively exercise authority. Revenue: resources to satisfy the above, particularly security. Supervision of the nation’s resources. Irredenta: a territory historically or ethnically related to one political unit but under the political control of another. Geneva Conventions: 1) dealt with care of wounded/ sick and sick members of armed forces in the field. 2) care of wounded, sick/shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea. 3) On the treatment of POW’s 4) protection of civilian persons in time of war. Five Vital National Interests:
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course SOCIAL SCI ISS 325 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Michigan State University.

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ISS 325 Final review - ISS 325 Final Review War: State of...

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