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Pysch 236 Sex and Gender - Sex and Gender Sex vs gender...

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Sex and Gender Sex vs. gender definitions: Sex: biological maleness or femaleness; Gender: the non- physical/biological aspects of being male or female Biological Explanation o Determinants of sex (2): (1) chromosomal makeup: females XX, males XY, (2) hormones: females-estrogen and progesterone, males-testosterone and androgen o Chromosomal Irregularities Types and chromosome make up of them 1) XXX: Trisomony X, anatomically female, fertile 2) XXY: Klinefeiter’s syndrome: anatomically male, infertile 3) XYY: Super male syndrome: anatomically male, fertile 4) XO: Turner’s syndrome: anatomically female, infertile *hormonal irregularities: androgen, for example Psychoanalytic explanation o Psychosexual stage 3: phallic stage (around 3-6 years) -gender identity develops during this stage -resolution of stage results in identification crisis with same parent (boys-oedipal, girls-electra) -internalize sex roles: attitudes, characteristics, and beliefs of same sex parent Neo-analytic explanation – What explains gender differences according to: o
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