Psych 236 Culture lecture notes

Psych 236 Culture lecture notes - Culture(Chapter14...

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Personality Psychology 3/30/10 Culture (Chapter 14)  Experience and Awareness Last class (humanism): what the world contains may matter less than how  individuals construe it  Today: how do these construals vary depending on a person’s culture?   What is Culture? Culture is the psychological attributes of groups, including: o Customs, habits, beliefs, values that shape emotions, behavior and life  patterns May also be about: o Language, geography, shared interests  Just about any group of people that share similarities can be considered a  culture (but we tend to think of culture more of ethnicity, geography, etc –  really big culture)  How is Culture acquired?  Culture is learned  o Not due to genetic differences  o Enculturation Learning the culture of one’s birthplace Process of socialization (media, behaviors that are modeled on TV  and believe that’s how culture should be) o Acculturation Members of one cultural group adopt the “culture” of another group  (learning beliefs and behaviors of new group) Often minority group acculturates to dominate group but  reciprocal acculturation is possible  Culture and Psychology  Two difference fields/approaches
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o Cross cultural psychology: studies the influence of culture on  psychological variables by comparing cultures. (comparing all those  things habits, beliefs, behaviors and seeing similarities and  differences)  o Cultural Psychology: studies how culture influences psychological  variables by studying individual cultures in their own terms (not  comparing groups, just wanting to learn about a group of people) How to think about cultural differences Etic perspective o Search for universal components of characteristics o Outsider perspective o Comparative o (for example: do our big five traits apply to other groups? We go out  and look for groups, bring in our perspective and then compare – so  bring theory and build on it) Emic perspective o Study of characteristics deemed meaningful by members of the culture o Insider perspective o (for example: we ask china what their personality traits are and what 
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Psych 236 Culture lecture notes - Culture(Chapter14...

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