Dualism and Monism - Dualism What’s at stake Dualists...

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Unformatted text preview: Dualism: What’s at stake? Dualists posit that reality is comprised of two fundamental, irreducible types of “stuff”: Material and non-material Material Stuff: Includes all the familiar elements of the physical world -Tables, chairs, electrons, bodies According to Cartesian dualism (sometimes called substance dualism ), the distinctive characteristic of material stuff is that it exists in space (it has extension and position) Dualism: What’s at stake? Dualists posit that reality is comprised of two fundamental, irreducible types of “stuff”: Material and non-material Non-material Stuff: Includes the stuff responsible for human consciousness and reasoning -Traditionally, this kind of stuff has been given names like “mind” or “soul” Descartes claims that this stuff has no spatial extension or position, and that it can’t be accounted for in terms of material stuff. Dualism: What’s at stake? So what? Why should we care about whether dualism is true or not? If dualism is false, then we have to relinquish the independent existence of either the material world or the immaterial mind/soul. If you want to continue believing that you have a mind/soul independent of the physical world, or that physical matter exists apart from the mind, then you’re likely committed to dualism. But it’s a tough position to defend……… Arguments in Favor of Dualism D1: The argument from religion Dualism is compatible with the notion of an immortal soul. Materialism (the view that there is only one, physical type of stuff in the universe) cannot make sense of this notion. Since immortal souls exist, dualism must be true. Is this persuasive? Arguments in Favor of Dualism D2: The argument from different properties There are key properties held by physical stuff that aren’t held by immaterial stuff 1) Physical stuff can be described in physical terms ; immaterial stuff can’t Can we say a soul weighs 3 lbs?...
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Dualism and Monism - Dualism What’s at stake Dualists...

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