ryleknowledge - Two Types of Knowledge? In ordinary...

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Two Types of Knowledge? In ordinary language, we use the word “know” in at least two different kinds of ways: Consider: “Joe knows that the capital of California is Sacramento.” “Sara knows how to do the electric slide.” English philosopher Gilbert Ryle 1900-1976 claimed that this different way of speaking corresponds to two different kinds of knowledge.
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Two Types of Knowledge? Let’s call the first kind of knowledge (“knowledge that ”) propositional knowledge. It’s also been called factual knowledge. We’ll call the other kind (“know-how”) practical knowledge. It might seem easy enough to maintain that there’s a legitimate distinction between these two types of knowledge—but it’s harder to explain the distinction.
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Two Types of Knowledge? Let’s look at the game of poker for supposed examples of the two types of knowledge. Knowledge that”: “[A]ny poker player must understand the fundamental concepts that constitute the game… …correctly understanding the vocabulary of poker… …knowing the various hand rankings… knowing the best possible hand given the flop, the turn, or the river” (Lucey 118) “Knowledge how”: “Knowing how to bet (as well as how to check and how to fold) in the appropriate circumstances…” (Lucey, 120)
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Two Types of Knowledge? So “know-how” seems to amount to something like this: (1) Knowing how does not consist in knowing that some proposition is true or that some fact obtains; knowing how cannot be reduced to or equated with (any form of) knowledge that. (2) Knowing how to G does in fact consist in being able to
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor Ames during the Fall '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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ryleknowledge - Two Types of Knowledge? In ordinary...

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