Exam I Study Guide

Exam I Study Guide - E xam I Study Guide I. Definition,...

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Exam I Study Guide I. Definition, Scientific Methods, Perspectives and Types a. Barnum effect i. The tendency for people to accept very vague characteristics of themselves as fact. Name derived from circus master PT Barnum who believed the circus had “a little something for everyone” Gullible people can think that these characteristic only apply to themselves when in fact they are really vague. b. Behavior of Organisms- any overt response or activity by an organism i. Observable- cognitive resolution ii. Human and Animal- learned passiveness iii. Range- c. Factors affecting behavior i. Biology and development- ii. Cognition- iii. Environment and culture- d. Science versus personal knowledge i. S e. Goals of Science i. Description ii. Explanation iii. Prediction iv. Control v. Improving the quality of life
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f. Correlational method II. Biological Aspects of Psychology a. Nervous system i. Neurons- send and receive messages 1. Cell body 2. Axon 3. Dendrites ii. Action potentials and synaptic transmission 1. S iii. Neurotransmitters 1. Effects a. Excitatory b. Inhibitory 2. Types a. Dopamine b. Serotonin c. Acetylcholoine d. Epinephrine e. Norepinephrine f. Endorphins b. Peripheral nervous system i. Sympathetic ii. Parasympathetic
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c. Central nervous system i. Spinal chord ii. Brain 1. Hindbrain, midbrain, forebrain 2. Cerebral cortex a. Lobes i. Occipital ii. Parietal iii. Frontal iv. Temporal b. Cerebral lateralization i. S III.Sensation a. Principles of sensory experience i. Selectivity- It would be impossible for us to take in all information at any given time, so our senses only take in what is most important ii. Change- we can tell when something changes iii. Comparison- we can tell if one thing is sweeter than another b. Acute vs. Chronic Pain i. Differences 1. Acute pain is short term/ chronic lasts longer than 6 months and nothing seems to affect it.
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2. Acute pain is useful because it tells the body when there is something wrong/chronic pain can be present when nothing is wrong, and therefore less useful. 3. Chronic pain is a disease of its own… starts with anxiety and leads to depression 4. Acute pain is treated with narcotics, chronic pain isn’t 5. Etiology is the term for cause of pain- in chronic pain the etiology is typically not clear. c. Specificity theory i. Specificity Theory States that when there is x amount of tissue damage there will be x amount of pain. d.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Sabin during the Spring '09 term at Saint Louis.

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Exam I Study Guide - E xam I Study Guide I. Definition,...

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