GenPsy.Lec14.Treatments

GenPsy.Lec14.Treatments - 2. Extinction C. Social learning...

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Treatments for Psychological Disorders General Psychology
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F13_01
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I. Biomedical therapies A. Psychosurgery Prefrontal lobotomy B. Electoconvulsive shock therapy (ECT) C. Psychotropic medications* Antipsychotics--decrease dopamine; Lithium for bipolar disorder Antidepressants--increase serotonin (SSRIs*) Antianxiety
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T13_01
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II. Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapies A. Psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud) 1. Goal--insight; make unconscious conscious 2. Techniques--free association; analysis of resistance; dream analysis; transference and countertransference B. Psychodynamic psychotherapy 1. Goals--enhance ego functions and interpersonal relationships
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III. Behavior therapies A. Counterconditioning approaches (Wolpe; based on classical conditioning) 1. Systematic desensitization** 2. Flooding or implosion 3. Aversion therapy* B. Contingency management approaches (Skinner; based on operant conditioning) 1. Positive reinforcement
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Extinction C. Social learning approaches 1. Modeling F13_03 IV. Humanistic-existential therapies A. Client-centered therapy (Carl Rogers) 1. Nondirective approach 2. Conditions of change Unconditional positive regard Empathic understanding Genuineness V. Cognitive therapy A. Cognitive therapy for depression (Beck) Identifying and changing cognitive distortions B. Rational emotive therapy (RET; Ellis)* Irrational beliefs F13_02 VI. Other therapies A. Group therapy Supportive; educative B. Systemic therapy Presenting problem is symptom of dysfunctional system VII. Effectiveness of psychotherapy A. Is therapy better than no therapy or a placebo control? Meta-analytic studies B. Is one therapy better than another? Common factors C. Is one therapy best for a particular disorder? D. How long does therapy last? Dose-effect...
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GenPsy.Lec14.Treatments - 2. Extinction C. Social learning...

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