Enlightenment - Lecture Outline I The Enlightenment: An...

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Lecture Outline I The Enlightenment: An Overview Deism- belief that God created things and then went the world play out itself. Enlightenment- an intellectual revolution in the 18 th century consisting of primarily upper-middle class men or aristocrats. Montesquieu wrote the Persian Letters and wrote about a direct separation of church and state that had a direct effect on America Condorcet believed in the ideas of progress. He argued humans would be perfect after time. Diderot was one of the first people to organize an encyclopedia Voltaire is a militant anticlerical figure, “eliminate this infinite source” referring to the church Turgot was a strong believer in progress Rousseau is thought of as the bridge into romanticism, talks about forcing people to be free. Marquis de Sade- he was a sexual libertine, he wrote 120 days of sodomy. He talks about the most outrageous sexual adventure. He believed in human emancipation. Adam Smith wrote the wealth of nations which is the pioneering book of economics. He believes the world is governed by fixed laws Edward Gibbon- wrote the decline and fall of the roman empire which he blames on Christianity David Hume was a philosopher and skeptic who is an outright atheist. You have an angle mania. He said the English were the most modern civilization of the time. John Locke- was a political advisor, scientist, doctor, philosopher and wrote
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Enlightenment - Lecture Outline I The Enlightenment: An...

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