Notes Unit 4 - Personality: the Psychoanalytic Theories...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Personality: the Psychoanalytic Theories Personality The characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that distinguish one person from another Conscious What we are aware of at any given moment – thoughts feelings, sensations, and memories Preconscious Like long-term memory Contains all the memories, feelings, experiences, and perceptions that we are not consciously thinking about but can easily bring to conscious Unconscious Memories which were once conscious but we so unpleasant or anxious that they were repressed Contains all of the instincts, wishes, and desires that are not allowed into consciousness Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis Not only the therapy for treating psychological disorders devised by Freud but also the influential personality theory he proposed Psychoanalytic Theory Unconscious forces shape human thought and behavior Id – Psychic Energy Unconscious system of personality present at birth Contains life and death instincts, operates on the pleasure principle, and is the source of libido Ego – Executive Mediator Logical, rational, realistic part of the personality One function is to satisfy the id Operates on the reality principle by considering the constraints of the real world Superego – Internalized Beliefs Moral component of personality Conscious All behaviors for which the child has been punished and feels guilty about Ego ideal Behaviors for which the child has been praised and rewarded and about which he feels pride and satisfaction Forms at 5-6 years old Psychosexual Stages Oral 0-18 months Pleasure focused on Mouth Sucking, biting, and chewing Anal 18-36 months Pleasure focused on bowel and bladder elimination Coping with demands of control Phallic 3-6 years Pleasure is centered around the genitals Coping with incestuous feelings
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Latency 6 to puberty Dormant sexual feelings Genital Puberty to adulthood Maturation of sexual interests Fixation Arrested development at a psychosexual stage occurring because of excessive gratification or frustration at that stage Oedipus and Elektra Complexes Defense Mechanisms Repression Involuntarily removing an unpleasant memory thought or perception Regression Reverting to behavior that may have reduced anxiety previously Reaction formation Expressing exaggerated ideas and emotions that are opposite of the disturbing, unconscious impulses and desires Projection Attributing one’s own undesirable traits, thoughts, behavior, or impulses to another Rationalization Supplying a logical, rational, or socially acceptable reason rather than the real reason for an action or event Displacement Substituting a less threatening object or person for the original object of sexual or aggressive impulse
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 12

Notes Unit 4 - Personality: the Psychoanalytic Theories...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online