2nd exam - Second Exam Study Guide Platos Republic Book I...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Second Exam Study Guide Plato’s Republic Book I 1.) What is the first definition offered for the concept in question, and what counter- example does Socrates provide against it? (331c-e). -Justice is telling the truth and paying ones debts. Socrates’ counter example is returning a borrowed weapon to a lunatic or mentally challenged person 2.) What is the second definition offered for the concept in question, which is further qualified by an appeal to the status between the subject and their relationships, and what counter-example does Socrates provide against it? -Giving a person their due amounts to help ones friends and harm ones enemies. Polymarchus says that physician and farmer are just in giving medicine and food. Socrates then makes Polymarchus contradict himself by saying that the farmer who gives food is just by giving something, while a soldier who stands guard and physically gives nothing is still just. If the farmer were to not give food and soldier stood guard over it, both would be unjust. 3.) What is Socrates’ position on retributive harms, and what argument does he provide from the nature and end of a thing, using the example of a racehorse? What is Thrasymachus’ contrary view concerning the definition of the concept that is at the heart of this dialogue and what are some of Socrates’ arguments against this view? (name at least one). -Socrates’ position is that good people never harm anyone. By harming a racehorse, a person is unjust because no good can come out of harming an animal meant for racing/does not help animal serve purpose any better. -Thrasmyuschus’ contrary view is that justice is the advantage of the strongest such as in tyrannies, democracies, and with regards to the wealthy and powerful. -Socrates says laws that are made by mistake which benefit richer are unjust. -Ex; Physician tells a patient what is wrong with them and tries to help them get better. The patient or weaker is the one who benefits in this situation. Plato’s Republic Book IV 4.) What are the four virtues that were commonly-acknowledged in ancient Greece (and continued through the medieval period)? -Wisdom/Moderation/Courage/Justice 5.) *What are the three classes of citizens in Plato’s ideal Republic, and the corresponding virtues in each? -Guardian has wisdom/Craftsman has moderation/Soldier has courage 6.) Which of the four virtues are left over and why are they not localized in one particular class like the rest? -Justice
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 100 taught by Professor Briancross during the Spring '09 term at Saint Louis.

Page1 / 6

2nd exam - Second Exam Study Guide Platos Republic Book I...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online