History paper - Thomas Krenning March 4, 2011 Napoleon and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Thomas Krenning March 4, 2011 Napoleon and Rights The ten years before Napoleon came to power were a troubling time for the political stability of France. The Third Estate came into power and formed the National Assembly, which began a reign of “Terror” on the general population. Eventually the “Terror” subsided, but the political parties in France were still very much divided. i However, tension mounted with Austria and in 1791 France declared war. It was in this war that Napoleon became famous. He conquered much of Italy and was made a war hero, from this point on Napoleon only gains power. He eventually ends up at the First Consul of France and in 1804 he crowned himself Emperor of France, all the while defending France from the European monarchs. i The presence of Napoleon, while a stressor on the political futures of his allies and enemies, was a catalyst for rapid change in rights in Europe, but ironically halted change in France while still cementing the idea of rights not only in France, but the whole of Europe. Debate was dying down just before Napoleon came to power due to a political stalemate between the Jacobins and the Royalists, the radical liberal and conservative parties, respectively. France had been a crucible for the idea of rights up until this point. ii Napoleon was a moderate and was able to deftly navigate the political waters so that he could control France’s population. He agreed with the philosophe, Rousseau, who wanted equal rights for all men, but not women. iii This is shown in the Civil Code, “229. The husband may demand a divorce on the ground of his wife's adultery. 230. The wife may demand divorce on the ground of adultery in her husband, when he shall have brought his concubine into their common residence.” iv
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
By the Civil Code, the husband can go out and commit adultery, just not in his own house. However, if the wife commits adultery at all then the husband has a right to divorce her. That is a common view of the time and is seen as normal. He also reinstated slavery in the French Colonies; however, this was more for stability and trade reasons. ii Napoleon also enacted some policies in the Civil Code that solidified the advances in rights of the Revolution. In the Civil Code it states, “537. Private persons have the free disposition of the property belonging to them, subject to the modifications established by the laws.” iv This article established that people had the true right to their own property.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course HISTORY 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '07 term at Saint Louis.

Page1 / 6

History paper - Thomas Krenning March 4, 2011 Napoleon and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online