Week 3 Feb7Enlightenment

Week 3 Feb7Enlightenment - The Atlantic System and Its...

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The Atlantic System and Its Consequences 1. Social Contracts 1. Hobbes’ Leviathan, 1651 1. State of nature is brutal 2. Men band together 3. All power to central authority 2. John Locke, Two Treatises on Government (1690) 1. Social contract 1. More rights for the people 2. Positive state of nature 1. Nature is basically good 2. Nature is not a state of war 3. Limits to monarch’s power 3. Compare to Bossuet 1. Power is from God 2. King is sacred and attacking the king is sacrilege 3. England v. continent 2. Political Rationalism Spreads: Enlightenment 1. General Premises 1. Tradition and Scripture is not basis for judgments 1. Things must work and be proven in practice 2. Evidence and reason should be basis of human ideas 3. Economic Changes 1. Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Economy 1. Mercantilist policies demand international trade 1. This is a large push 2. Initially focus on precious metals 3. Metals begin to run dry 2. Last half of 17 th century trade changes to plantations
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course HISTORY 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '07 term at Saint Louis.

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Week 3 Feb7Enlightenment - The Atlantic System and Its...

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