Week 8 Mar21-23Ideologies

Week 8 Mar21-23Ideologies - I. Ideological Change II....

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I. Ideological Change II. Conservatism A. Reacting against the Enlightenment 1. Exemplified by Congress of Vienna 2. Attempt to restore order and hierarchy 3. Wants to maintain status quo and traditional ways of life a) Conservatists must justify their beliefs of monarchy and divine right B. Primary Tenets of Conservatism 1. Elites should rule a) Have the most training and experience 2. Individualism leads to anarchy a) Savagery and anarchy 3. Only slow change is possible 4. Religion stable basis for society III. Liberalism A. From the Enlightenment 1. Promotes idea of “progress” 2. Interested in ideas behind human rights 3. Wants change 4. Both Enlightened and Revolutionary proponents B. Primary Tenets of Liberalism 1. Focus on individual “liberties” 2. Desires freedoms (Paine) 3. Constitutional guarantees, representative institutions (Jefferson, Voltaire)
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4. Laissez-faire economy (Smith) 5. NOT ALL OF THESE QUALITIES EXIST TOGETHER PEACEFULLY! IV.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course HISTORY 111 taught by Professor Popiel during the Spring '07 term at Saint Louis.

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Week 8 Mar21-23Ideologies - I. Ideological Change II....

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