Anthroproject1 - Thomas Krenning Anthropology Corin Pursell...

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Thomas Krenning Anthropology Corin Pursell The Hacienda Plain The data on the Hacienda Plain is scarce to say the least. There are multiple interpretations of the data, which each give a different history of the region. After meticulously weighing the implications of each datum, this is interpretation that appears to fit the best. The cultures involved in the prehistory of the Hacienda Plain change a great deal over time and relate to each other, the different archaeological sites, and their environment in intriguing and constantly shifting ways. The Zapotec Indians were the inhabitants of the aptly named Zapotec Highlands, a plateau of open grassland. As far as the evidence that is available goes, before the Zapotec and Nanosec split, the Totolrec were the sole inhabitants of the Hacienda Plain, the lower jungle region between the highlands and the Pacific Ocean. Inscriptions on the ancient temples of the Zapotec refer to the Totolrec and there is a lack of evidence of any other culture in the area. Around two to three thousand years ago, according to linguistic analysis on the modern Zapotec and Nanosec languages compared to information collected by early Spanish chroniclers, the Zapotec split and a sect moved into the jungles of the Hacienda Plain, where the Totolrec dwelled. The inscriptions on the Zapotec temples speak of groups of Totolrec raiders attacking the Zapotec and stealing their gold. The motivation for the sect of Zapotec to split off and go into the jungle where their enemies live cannot be ascertained. The Totolrec people are not related in any way to the Zapotec, they are a
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completely foreign culture to them. This is shown by linguistic analysis of the names of the Totolrec rulers and the Zapotec language. This sect of Zapotec that colonized the forest about 0 – 1000 B.C. became subsistence farmers, as documented by Felipe Huele de Pez, a Spaniard who explored the area in 1670. The Totolrec at the time are thought to be hunter-gatherers because of the
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Anthroproject1 - Thomas Krenning Anthropology Corin Pursell...

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