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CRITIQUE OF A RESEARCH REPORTEffectiveness of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in ChildrenA Research Report CritiqueFaculty of Health Discipline, Athabasca UniversityNURS 328: Exploration of Professional Nursing PracticeKari MardianEffectiveness of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in Children1
CRITIQUE OF A RESEARCH REPORTA Research Report CritiqueThis paper aims to provide an extensive critique of a selected research study. Theresearch study chosen for critical analysis for this paper was titled, Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccination in children in Senegal during a year of vaccine mismatch: A cluster-randomized trial (Diallo et al., 2019). To meet the standard requirement of this paper, Woo’s (2019) definition of a thorough critique will be utilized. It focuses on appraising a research study by looking for its qualities as well as its shortcomings. The intent is to provide a summary of the study as well as to analyze and provide recommendations. The application of the five dimensionsof a research study as outlined by Woo (2019) will be used in this paper. The five dimensions are as follows: substantive and theoretical dimensions, methodological dimension, ethical dimension, interpretive dimension, and the presentation and stylistic dimensions. Finally, a conclusion will be discussed at the end of this paper.Substantive and Theoretical DimensionsRelevance of the Research ProblemAccording to Diallo et al., (2019), “In low and middle-income countries, focusing influenzavaccination efforts on children may provide individualprotection to children and decrease the chances of the childrenspreading influenza to close contacts, thereby reducing theoverall burden of influenza in the community” (p. 1780). This is very important in a country where there is no national recommendation to vaccinate children. The research problem is in correlation with Woo’s (2019) explanation. He states that a relevant research problem needs to besupportive in improving nursing practice, as well as have the potential to enhance evidence basedpractice. This research problem is relevant because it allows multidisciplinary teams to learn and develop strategies to address necessary measures in preventing an influenza pandemic. This 2
CRITIQUE OF A RESEARCH REPORTstudy is very helpful to nursing practice in understanding the effectiveness of a vaccine to better serve the community. Community nurses especially in low resource communities will greatly benefit from this research as they could utilize the evidence to enhance their evidence based practice.SignificanceThe authors of the research study provided information as to the significance of the research problem. The research states that “the population effects of influenza vaccination in children have not been extensively studied, especially in developing countries like Senegal” (Diallo et al., 2019, p. 1780). The need is described as necessary, but the authors did not provide very much evidence to support this, other than saying it has not been studied extensively in developing countries. They did mention in their research study “objective” section