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Unformatted text preview: 11/17 Patterns of Gender I nequality I: The Long Swing in the Status of Women I. Gender Inequality today: from the national, to the local, to the really local a. How would we know gender equality to see it? I I. Explaining “75 cents on the dollar” a. Occupational sex segregation I I I.Gender inequality in history: sex, gender, the “universals,” and the “variables” a. Hunting and Gathering societies b. Horticultural societies c. Agrarian societies d. Industrial societies Defining the Goal • The people who run the key institutions in our society all claim to be committed to the idea of “gender equality” • As with “racial and ethnic equality,” by “gender equality” they mean a society in which there is a “level playing field,” in which gender of to longer constitutes an advantage for some and a liability for others • Again, as with “racial and ethnic equality,” these same people often differ profoundly over how best to achieve “gender equality,” but they nonetheless agree on the goal. • But how would we know gender equality to see it? (How will we know when we have achieved it?) What would you propose as a good yardstick? • How close does the U.S. come to having achieved “gender equality?” Political Representation/Power(2008) National Office Holders: US House of Representatives 17% (74/435) US Senate 16% (16/100) State Office Holders: 1 11/17...
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- Fall '08
- Status of Women