11-12 - S100 Study Guide Exam 2 Microstructural Foundations...

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S100 Study Guide Exam 2 Microstructural Foundations of Inequality 1. Why might network structure be more important than one’s talent, skill, or motivation? a. A percentage of people saw their contact that got them the job they currently have i. 16.7% “often” (at least twice a week) ii. 55.6% “occasionally” (more than once a year, less than twice a week) iii. 27.8% “Rarely” (once a year or less) b. “Strength of Weak Ties” Mark Grannovetter i. Often today termed social capitalist 2. What does the Bavelas-Leavitt experiment teach us about the importance of structure for an organization’s performance? a. Based on ones place in the social structure can either turn them into a leader or a follower and also turning people into “winners” in the game of life and others into “losers” 3. If we treat the Bavelas-Leavitt game as one of simply routing information in the most efficient manner, which group should win? a. The “Circle” because everyone could pass information around. It was also the most satisfying structure. 4. Which group actually won? Why? a. The “star” because it’s the most centralized 5. What do the Bavelas-Leavitt experiments tell us about leadership? a. Centrality in a network confers “leadership” on a person occupying that position. 6. In light of the results of the Rogge experiment, which comes first: the structure or the leader? a. The leader. “Natural” non-leaders took control of the game and dictated the solution to the group and “natural” leaders deferred “A” and identified “A” as the group’s “leader.”
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7. From the laboratory to the real world: How might social structure produce winners and losers at the game of life? a. Because sociological idea is that social structure operates in much the same way as that observed in the Bavelas-Leavitt and Rogge. 8.
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11-12 - S100 Study Guide Exam 2 Microstructural Foundations...

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