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11-2 - 10/8 Centralization Outline More L ess...

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Centralization More ------- Less 10/8 Outline Microstructural Foundations of Inequality A. Network structure and personal characteristics a. The Bavelas-Leavitt Experiment b. The Rogge Experiment B. Grannovetter’s “strength of weak ties” a. Getting a job Mark Grannovetter: “The Strength of Weak Ties” Grannovetter suggests that when it comes to the question of who gets ahead (and who doesn’t), your position in social structure can often be more important than your personal characteristics (i.e., your talent, skill, drive, or motivation) Grannovetter views “social structure” concretely as the nature of one’s ties to other people (what is often today termed as social capitalist ) Bavelas and Leavitt Experiment (MIT 1950s) Q: How does social structure affect performance? The Experiment - Five participants - Each given a unique bit of information - To solve the problem, information has to be pooled - Group that answers correctly in shortest period wins - Aim: figure out which symbol everyone had in common -
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