14-44 - o Institutions needed to manage large populations o...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Anthropology lecture notes 4.20.09 Complex societies Social complexity : definition o There isn’t a universally accepted one o Societies that have a hierarchically arranged structure with more than two social tiers o Can non-hierarchically organized societies be complex Good question 19 th and early 20 th century: o A single line of progression of human societies Hunting/gathering – food production – cities and states Modern perspective o There are all three types of those that progress as such Neolithic roots of social complexity o Agriculture Necessity to stay in one place Resources available on a regular basis o First large permanent settlements o Large settlements = large populations o Late Neolithic – settlements get increasingly larger
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: o Institutions needed to manage large populations o Agriculture produces surpluses. They can be: Managed by certain people to the benefit of the community Expropriated and used for personal gain o Social storage = alliances o Enhanced prestige o Accumulation of influence Formation of states/civilizations • Complexity does not equal civilization • Civilization = complexity • State = centralized political entity with ruling elites managing populations between several thousands and several millions • Attributes of states o Collects taxes Protection Redistribution Make rich richer o Use of force o State above kinship...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 2

14-44 - o Institutions needed to manage large populations o...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online