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14-42 - A nthropology lecture notes 4.15.09 The Neolithic...

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Anthropology lecture notes 4.15.09 The Neolithic revolution Main change o From food gathering to food producing o About 12,000 BC o Domestication = alteration of natural properties of plants or animals by humans Plants Animals Occurs at several places independently Change of material culture Social change Domestication Why? o Availability o Predictability o Bigger fruit/fatter animals o Taste o Easier for processing How? o Knowledge of plants from the Mesolithic o Accidental? o Intentional?
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o Don’t know Neolithic Revolution Domestication of plants “fertile crescent” First domesticated plants: o Wheat (emmer and einkorn) o Lentils o Peas o Chickpeas o Bitter vetch o Flax Evidence o Carbonized grains o Pollen Animals o Goats o Sheep o Pigs o Cattle Evidence o Animal bones o Ancient DNA Material culture
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Chipped stone technology continuation of Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic o Tools on blades o Pressure flaking o Microliths o
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