14-41 - o Temperate vegetation provides more plant resources • Shift in diet towards greater reliance on plant foods People become more sedentary

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Anthropology lecture notes 4.15.09 Leading up to the Neolithic First bone/antler tools Specialized stone tools for bone working (burins Composite tools o (stone+bone+wood) o Harpoons o Spears o Atlatls o Bows and arrows First evidence for built dwellings Dolni Vestonice, Czech Republic Kostenki, Ukraine Migrations Better technology = better use of the resources and the ability to adapt to new environments Most of the globe settled during the Upper Paleolithic. Mesolithic Mesolithic or Epipaleolithic Begins about 12,500 BP (10,500 BC) Coincides with climate change at the end of the last glaciations Climate change Climate warmer Change of the environment o Tundra replaced by forests o Herd animals either die out (eg mammoth)
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o Or retreat to colder areas (eg reindeer)
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Unformatted text preview: o Temperate vegetation provides more plant resources • Shift in diet towards greater reliance on plant foods. People become more sedentary • Reliance on plant foods = less need to move often • Shift towards managing of natural resources • Communities become larger • First (seasonal?) settlements, usually located close to water Natufian Culture • Eastern Mediterranean (Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria) • About 10,500-8,200 BC • First larger settlements (houses built of rock and mud) • Storage pits • First cemetaries Material culture • Continues form Upper Paleolithic with some changes • Microliths predominate o Made from blades to be part of composite tools...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course ANTH 105 taught by Professor Tankosic during the Winter '09 term at Indiana.

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14-41 - o Temperate vegetation provides more plant resources • Shift in diet towards greater reliance on plant foods People become more sedentary

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