14-39 - Anthropology lecture notes 13.4.09 The upper...

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Anthropology lecture notes 13.4.09 The upper Paleolithic culture Upper Paleolithic technology 40,000 – 10,000 years ago Time of great technological innovation Toolkit diversity Material culture diversifies Regional styles Lithic technology: Upper Paleolithic o Standardized tools made on blades, o Bone and antler tools o Ornaments o Architecture Middle Paleolithic o Retouched tools made on flakes Lower Paleolithic o Acheulean o Oldowan o Core tools and unretouched flakes Upper Paleolithic stone tools Widespread in Africa and Eurasia New production method o Tools made on blades Blades = a flake that is at least twice as long as it is wide
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o Specially prepared cores o Indirect percussion o Pressure flaking Specialized tools Greater variety o Regional styles o Rapid change Solutrean leaf-shaped points: Hunting Prestige First bone/antler tools Specialized stone tools for bone working (burins) Composite tools o Stone +bone+wood
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14-39 - Anthropology lecture notes 13.4.09 The upper...

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