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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology lecture 4.7.09 Pre-Modern Humans and the Paleolithic Period The first colonizer The earliest fossils found in Africa Starting with 1.8 mya H. erectus fossils start to appear outside of Africa H. erectus cultural remains At first continuation of Oldowan tradition By 1.5 mya new tradition acheulean Acheulean named after the site of St. Acheul in France where the first tools were found Typical tools bifaces (cleavers and handaxes). Large bifacially flaked core tools Archaic H. Sapiens Intermediate features between erectus and sapiens sapiens Modern-sized brain inside ancient looking skulls Start appearing about 5-400 kya Trend similar in all areas, with some differences Characteristics o Skull larger and more rounded that H. erectus o Large brow ridges but the skeleton overall less thick and dense than H. erectus o Regional differences Who were the Neanderthals? First find in the Neander Valley in Germany in 1856 The find was misinterpreted. Characteristics o Long skull o Low forehead o Brow ridges o Big nose o Projecting face o Cheek bones o Occipital bun o Big brain o Very robust bones...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course ANTH 105 taught by Professor Tankosic during the Winter '09 term at Indiana.
- Winter '09