14-24 - A nthropology lecture 25.3.09 Anthropological and

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Anthropology lecture 25.3.09 Anthropological and Paleoanthropological Field Methods Archaeological Methods Identifying sites Data recovery and exploration Data analysis Identifying sites Chance Local lore and place names Aerial photos Survey o Extensive o Intensive o Subsurface Data recovery and exploration Excavation Surface collection Wet or dry sieving Datum – fixed point for which exact position (location in space) and elevation are known Archaeological data Artifacts Architecture
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Locations of activity Organic remains Various samples Data analysis Study of the archaeological material o Stylistic o Contextual Specialized analyses Dating o Relative Based on stratigraphy Can only tell if something is younger or older in relation to something else Seriation (based on statistics and stratigraphy) o Absolute (chronometric methods) Can provide an approximate date in calendric terms Based on scientific analytical methods
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14-24 - A nthropology lecture 25.3.09 Anthropological and

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