14-13 - • Hydraulic theory – the theory that explains...

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Anthropology chapter 11 terms Civilization – in anthropology, a type of society marked by the presence of cities, social classes, and the state. Bronze Age – in the Old World, the period marked by the production of tools and ornaments of bronze; began about 5,000 years ago in China and Southwest Asia and about 500 years earlier in Southeast Asia. Grave goods – items such as utensils, figurines, and personal possessions, symbolically placed in the grave for the deceased person’s use in the afterlife.
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Unformatted text preview: • Hydraulic theory – the theory that explains civilization’s emergence as the result of the construction of elaborate irrigation systems, the functioning of which required full-time managers whose control blossomed into the first governing body and elite social class. • Action theory – the theory that self-serving actions by forceful leaders play a role in civilization’s emergence...
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