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14-12 - intentionally or unintentionally the genetic makeup...

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Anthropology chapter 10 terms Neolithic – the New Stone Age; prehistoric period beginning about 10,000 years ago in which peoples possessed stone-based technologies and depended on domesticated crops and/or animals Mesolithic – the Middle Stone Age period between the end of the Paleolithic and the start of the Neolithic; referred to as Archaic cultures in the Americas Archaic cultures – term used to refer to Mesolithic cultures in the Americas Microlith – a small blade of flint or similar stone, several of which were hafted together in wooden handles to make tools; wide-spread in the Mesolithic. Natufian culture – a Mesolithic culture living in the lands that are now Israel, Lebanon, and western Syria, between about 10,200 and 12,500 years ago. Domestication – an evolutionary process whereby humans modify, either
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Unformatted text preview: intentionally or unintentionally, the genetic makeup of a population of plants or animals, sometimes to the extent that members of the population are unable to survive and/or reproduce without human assistance • Vegeculture – the cultivation of domesticated root crops, such as yams and taro. • Mesoamerica – the region encompassing southern Mexico and northern Central America • Horticulture – cultivation of crops carried out with simple hand tools such as digging sticks or hoes. • Agriculture – intensive crop cultivation, employing plows, fertilizers, and/or irrigation • Pastoralism – breeding and managing migratory herds of domesticated grazing animals, such as goats, sheep, cattle, llamas, or camels....
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