14-12 - intentionally or unintentionally, the genetic...

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Anthropology chapter 10 terms Neolithic – the New Stone Age; prehistoric period beginning about 10,000 years ago in which peoples possessed stone-based technologies and depended on domesticated crops and/or animals Mesolithic – the Middle Stone Age period between the end of the Paleolithic and the start of the Neolithic; referred to as Archaic cultures in the Americas Archaic cultures – term used to refer to Mesolithic cultures in the Americas Microlith – a small blade of flint or similar stone, several of which were hafted together in wooden handles to make tools; wide-spread in the Mesolithic. Natufian culture – a Mesolithic culture living in the lands that are now Israel, Lebanon, and western Syria, between about 10,200 and 12,500 years ago. Domestication – an evolutionary process whereby humans modify, either
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Unformatted text preview: intentionally or unintentionally, the genetic makeup of a population of plants or animals, sometimes to the extent that members of the population are unable to survive and/or reproduce without human assistance Vegeculture the cultivation of domesticated root crops, such as yams and taro. Mesoamerica the region encompassing southern Mexico and northern Central America Horticulture cultivation of crops carried out with simple hand tools such as digging sticks or hoes. Agriculture intensive crop cultivation, employing plows, fertilizers, and/or irrigation Pastoralism breeding and managing migratory herds of domesticated grazing animals, such as goats, sheep, cattle, llamas, or camels....
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14-12 - intentionally or unintentionally, the genetic...

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