14-10 - • Multiregional hypothesis – the hypothesis...

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Anthropology chapter 8 terms Levalloisian technique – tool-making technique by which three or four long triangular flakes were detached from a specially prepared core. Developed by members of the genus Homo transitional form H.erectus to H.sapiens. Neandertals – a distinct group within the genus Homo inhabiting Europe and Southwest Asia from approximately 30,000 to 125,000 years ago. Middle Paleolithic – the middle part of the Old Stone age characterized by the development of the Mousterian tradition of tool making and the earlier Levalloisian traditions. Mousterian tradition – the tool industry of the Neandertals and their contemporaries of Europe, Southwest Asia, and northern Africa from 40,000 to 125,000 years ago.
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Unformatted text preview: • Multiregional hypothesis – the hypothesis that modern humans originated through a process of simultaneous local transition from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens throughout the inhabited world • Recent African origins or “Eve” hypothesis – the hypothesis that all modern people are derived from one single population of archaic H.sapiens from Africa who migrated out of Africa after 100,000 kyears ago, replacing all other archaic forms due to their superior cultural capabilities. Also called the “out of Africa hypothesis.” • Aurignacian tradition – tool making tradition in Europe and western Asia at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic....
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