14-6 - A nthropology chapter 4 terms P rehistory a...

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Anthropology chapter 4 terms Prehistory – a conventional term used to refer to the period of time before the appearance of written records. Does not deny the existence of history, merely of written history Artifact – any object fashioned or altered by humans Material culture – the durable aspects of culture such as tools, structures, and art. Fossil – any mineralized trace or impression of an organism that has been preserved in earth’s crust from past geological time. Taphonomy – the study of how bones and other materials come to be preserved in the earth as fossils. Soil mark – a stain that shows up on the surface of recently plowed fields that reveals an archaeological site. Middens – a refuse or garbage disposal area in an archaeological site. Grid system – a system for recording data in three dimensions from an archaeological excavation Datum point – the starting, or reference, point for a grid system Flotation – an archaeological technique employed to recover very tiny objects
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14-6 - A nthropology chapter 4 terms P rehistory a...

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