Anthropology chapter 2 terms
– the class of vertebrate animals distinguished by bodies covered
with fur, self-regulating temperature, and in females milk-producing
– the group of mammals that includes lemurs, lorises, tarsiers,
monkeys, apes, and humans
– the smallest working unit in the system of classification.
living organisms, species are populations or groups of populations capable of
interbreeding and producing fertile viable offspring.
Genus, genera (pl)
– in the system of plant and animal classification, a
group of like species.
– the science of classification
– in biology, structures possessed by different organisms that are
superficially similar due to similar function; without sharing a common
developmental pathway or structure
– in biology, structures possessed by two different organisms
that arise in similar fashion and pass through similar stages during
embryonic development though they may possess different functions
– the taxonomic division superfamily within the old world
primates that includes gibbons, siamangs, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees,
bonobos, and humans
– African hominoid family that includes humans and their
Some scientists, recognizing the close relationship of humans,
chimps, bonobos, and gorillas, use the term hominid to refer to all African