14-5 - A nthropology chapter 2 terms M ammal t he class of...

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Anthropology chapter 2 terms Mammal – the class of vertebrate animals distinguished by bodies covered with fur, self-regulating temperature, and in females milk-producing mammary glands Primate – the group of mammals that includes lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans Species – the smallest working unit in the system of classification. Among living organisms, species are populations or groups of populations capable of interbreeding and producing fertile viable offspring. Genus, genera (pl) – in the system of plant and animal classification, a group of like species. Taxonomy – the science of classification Analogies – in biology, structures possessed by different organisms that are superficially similar due to similar function; without sharing a common developmental pathway or structure Homologies – in biology, structures possessed by two different organisms that arise in similar fashion and pass through similar stages during embryonic development though they may possess different functions Hominoid – the taxonomic division superfamily within the old world primates that includes gibbons, siamangs, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans Hominid – African hominoid family that includes humans and their ancestors. Some scientists, recognizing the close relationship of humans, chimps, bonobos, and gorillas, use the term hominid to refer to all African hominoids.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course ANTH 105 taught by Professor Tankosic during the Winter '09 term at Indiana.

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14-5 - A nthropology chapter 2 terms M ammal t he class of...

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